Giving  advice  has  been  a  common  way  of  providing  help  for  students.    The  advice offered  was  frequently  instrumental  in  helping  students to consider  their  future study goals. Giving  advice  often  promoted  the  dependence  of  the  young  person  on  the  advice  given.   In most cases, it was largely objective and helped the personal development of young people to study abroad.